An Integrated Framework for Binary Sensor Placement and Inhabitants Location Tracking


Michele Roccotelli, Maria Pia Fanti, Agostino Marcello Mangini, Gregory Faraut and Jean-Jacques Lesage


This talk deals with the sensor placement optimization problem in the context of indoor multiple inhabitants location tracking to solve Ambient Assisted Living problems. Binary sensors, like Passive Infrared (PIR) sensors, are used to guaranty specific coverage requirements and allow privacy respecting. Moreover, within real home environments, different kinds of obstacles (like walls, high furniture etc.) can affect the detection capacity of PIR sensors. This paper proposes an integrated framework devoted to optimize the placement of sensors and PIR sensors in smart homes by taking into account physical topologies and coverage precision constraints. An Integer Linear Programming problem is formalized and a case study illustrates the applicability of the proposed approach and the scalability of the optimization method.